Douglas Blackburn (1857-1929), Document and Cipher Expert to the late
. Author of "Prinsloo of rinsloosdorp," "Richard Hartley, Prospector," etc. Captain W. Waithman Caddell. Chief Repatriation Magistrate for the Transvaal Republic West Randon the British Occupation
GASSELL AND COMPANY, LTD.
London, New York, Torontoand 1911 Melbourne.
THE BEGINNING CHAPTER I.
Early Secret Service in
— Rarity of Cipher Dispatches — Consequences of a General's Cryptic Calligraphy — Colonials not Informers — A Boer Delilah — The Shooting of a Traitor — Affair of Schlaagter's Nek Cape Colony
CHAPTER II. TWO PIONEERS OF SECRET SERVICE
The First Transvaal Secret Agent — His Doubtful Origin — His Disinterestedness — His Slanders on Sir Owen Lanyon — Smit a Religious Crank — His Slanders have a Reactionary Effect — General Viljoen's First Conception of an Englishman — General Joubert's Mistrust of Smit — Edgson, Lanyon's Intelligence Agent — His Futile Warning of the Bronkhorst Spruit Ambuscade — The Attempted Murder of Edgson — The Mystery of the Murder of his Proxy — Smit and the Stellaland Freebooters — Sir Owen Lanyon's Suggested Black Blood — Smit and Thackeray's Father Holt
CHAPTER III. THE ILLICIT LIQUOR TRADE
The I.E. Detective Department — The Liquor Scourge — Peruvians the Monopolists — Their Trade Methods — Enormous Profits — Attitude of Licensing Magistrates — Heavy Penalties Inoperative — How Prosecutions Failed — Some Mining Authorities Oppose Liquor Abolition — An Incorruptible Public Prosecutor — The Muzzling of Officials — Murder of I.L. Detectives — The Trapping System — Police-proof I.L. Canteens — Trap-Boys — Open Bribery of Officials — The Compound Manager — Huge Profits of Native Mine Police — A Night with an I.L. Poacher
CHAPTER IV. THE KAFFIR AS SPY AND DETECTIVE
Spying Uncongenial to Kaffir Nature — Natives Impartial Witnesses — Their Marvellous Powers of Detailed Observation — Cunning a Rare Native Attribute: Until Educated — Tom Malief Runs the Blockade at Ladysmith — Witch Doctors as Intelligence Agents — John Shepstone's Use of them — The Sandwich System a Guarantee against Native Risings — Rival Chiefs and a White Wizard — Finger-prints as Witchcraft — A Record Case of Kaffir Initiative — Native Tyrants as Policemen — Africanus of Krugersdorp — Fat Jim, the Thimble-Rigger Detective
CHAPTER V . GUN-RUNNING
Abel Erasmus's Native Intelligence Organisation — Natives as Observers — Kaffir Telepathy — Magato a Great Chief — He Snubs Paul Kruger — A Calabash of Diamonds — Torture not Practised by Natives — Gas-pipe Rifles — Erasmus and Gun-runners — Magato's Ambition a Machine Gun — Walters' Attempts to Satisfy it — Mr. Hobson, Music-seller and Gun-runner — The Bluffing of Erasmus — Erasmus's Proposed Last Stand
CHAPTER VI. "THE LICENTIOUS BRITISH GARRISON"
Dreariness of Transvaal Garrison Life in 1880 — The Safety Valve — Puritanical Boer Censors — The Concomitants of a Garrison Town — Two Female Spies — Owen Lanyon Impervious to Advice — Kruger's Estimate of the British Army in 1880— Piet Jouberfs only Score off Kruger— The Secret of Boer Charges of Licentiousness — The Excesses of Tommy Atkins — The Alleged Drunkenness of British Officers — A Hollander's Vengeance — Wholesale Desertion by Troops — Assisted by Women
CHAPTER VII. ILLICIT GOLD BUYING
Difficulty of Detecting Gold Thefts— Who are the Thieves? — How Gold is Stolen— The Copper-wire Trick— The Illicit Gold Buying Gang's Methods — Trapping Unpopular — Swindling a Chief Detective — A Doctor as Receiver — Directors Suppress Facts of Robberies— Amounts Stolen Small in Bulk— A Blacksmith's Find — Lucky-bag Sales — Amalgam in Left Luggage — Police as Illicit Gold Buyers
CHAPTER VIII. NATIVE-LABOUR AGENTS
The Relationship of White and Black — Kaffirs Born to the Means of Livelihood — Conditions which Drive Some to Work — Magato on the Subject of Labour — Recruiting Native Labour — Coming of the Labour Agent — "Blackbirding" — Attempts to Stop the Illicit Agent — Unexpected Action on the part of the Police.
CHAPTER IX. FUGITIVES AND RECLUSES
Transvaala Fugitives' Sanctuary — "Mr. Burton," alias--? — One-armed Mac — The Retreat in Magato's Country — Boer or British Agents-Provocateurs — The Real Object of Native Wars — Who Supplied the Magatese with Arms? — The Solitary Life and Madness — The Clue of the Kippered Herring — John Nicholson Neil — Blackmailing Fugitives — The Capture of Tarbeau — The Long Arm of the Czar — White Kaffirs
CHAPTER X. HIDDEN-TREASURE QUESTS
Stories of Hidden Treasure — Magato's Calabash of Diamonds — A Mystery of Swaziland — The Basuto's Diamond — Ancient Gold Thieves— "Charlie the Reefer's" Secret— A Priest's Find — The Treasure Cave of an Extinct Tribe — The Dying Grounds of the Elephants — Why Emin Pasha was Relieved — The Misleading of Carl Mauch — A Mountain of Platinum — Wrecked Treasure Ships — Kruger's Millions — The Yarn of the Dorothy — Von Veltheim's Story — The Search for the Jameson Raiders' Guns — A Krugersdorp Mare's Nest
CHAPTER XI. THE STRANGE STORY OF THE THIRD RAAD
Composition of the Third Raad — Who Supplied the Brains of the Confederacy? — Judicial Condonation of Third Raad Methods — The Audacious Cold-storage Scheme — A Church Committee used as a Pawn — The Nylstrooni Farm Purchase — Nothing too Small for a Tribute — Third Raad Not Guilty on Some Counts — The Employment of Burglars in Purchasing Gold Properties — Forgery a Business — Photographic Evidence of a Previous Conviction — How Kruger became a Great Landowner
CHAPTER XII. THE BOER SECRET SERVICE UNDER DR. LEYDS
Chaotic Condition of the Secret Service — Dr. Leyds's First Press Agent — Leyds and English Sympathisers — Press Agents in Europe — The Pulse Feelers — German Secret Military Instructors—The N.Z.A.S.M. as Secret Service Agent— Mr. de Wilt and the Subsidised Press — Why Kruger was Prejudiced against Newspapers — Story of the Pocket Handkerchiefs — Dr. Leyds as a Diplomat — Leyds and the Disloyal Cipher Clerk — Leyds's Punishment of a Slanderer — Did Kruger expect German Intervention? — Leyds's Germanic Sympathies — Afrikander Officials Reveal State Secrets — General Joubert too Talkative — Old Boers Suspicious of Cipher Dispatches — Did Kruger Run Away? — Exploitation of Secret Service Funds by Uitlanders — How Tjaard Kruger Checkmated Bogus Informants
CHAPTER XIII. THE JAMESON RAID FROM THE BOER SIDE
Were the Boers Prepared? — The Woman in it — Melton Prior, Stormy Petrel — The Arming of Uitlanders — A Pound a Day the Lure — Defection of Chief-Detective Trimble — Thieves as Armed Guards — Kruger's Scepticism — Withdrawal of the Johannesburg Police — The Black Peril Averted — Undecipherable Intercepted Telegrams— Kruger Prepares to Ride against Jameson — Some Kruger Apothegms — Rhodes the Leader — Kruger's Fear of Rhodes and "Groot" Adrian De
la Rey— Sir H. Loch's Conciliation — Kruger's Opinions on Milner and Chamberlain — How the Raid Strengthened his Influence.
CHAPTER XIV. BOER PREPARATIONS FOR WAR
Boers did not Arm before the Jameson Raid — Shortness of Supply of Arms and Ammunition — Commission sent to Europe to Select and Purchase Arms — Creusot Guns Arrive at Pretoria — Precautions for Secrecy — Did the British Government Know? — The Cabal against the Mauser Rifle — Hostility to English-named Burghers — Flag Signalling and English Bugle Calls Practised by Boers — Reorganisation of Magazine Master's Office — Boer Emissaries Visit the Neighbouring States — Adoption of the English Range-finder — Did Leyds Believe his Own Stories?
CHAPTER XV. I.D.B. (ILLICIT DIAMOND BUYING)
Scarcity of Literary Records of I.D.B. — Diamond Stealing in the Pre-amalgamation Days — Robbery by Partners — Story of a Faithless Wife — Kaffirs as Thieves — Colonial Hostility to the I.D.B. Laws— The 1882 Diamond Law— The Case for the Opposition — Illicit Diamond Dealing in Kimberley — An I.D.B.'s Luck — Weakness of the Diamond Detective System — The Diamond Law as a Weapon for Revenge — A Clean Detective Force — Public Sympathy with Criminals — Runners and their Methods — Natal Refuses to Co-operate in Suppressing I.D.B. — An Absconding Runner — Some I.D.B. Stories — Fifty Arrests of a Practical Joker — I.D.B Chiefs and their Methods.